In 1858 and 1859 she successfully lobbied for the establishment of a Royal Commission into the Indian situation. India accepted the suzerainty of the British authority coming under its iron grip. English united the people and made them politically conscious. During rule of East India Company, the Christian missionary activities in India became wide-spread. Transatlantic telegraph cable : First to connect Bombay to rest of the world 1870 8. Municipal Corporation : Started by the British. Commercialisation of agriculture increased the speed of land transfers.
People were free to travel to various parts of the country and spread their ideas. As the Industrial Revolution gained momentum, the manufacturing class became very powerful in England. They initially advocated for self-rule within the British Empire. Even Kerala school of Mathematics was uncovered by this department. The cities of Delhi, Bombay,Calcutta, Madras and Bangalore was established by the British.
Parliament Lutyens Delhi : Built. India left behind the medieval age and jumped into a new technologically advanced nation. The British introduced a system of multi-party democracy for India's various state councils and regional legislatures, whereby t … he people's representatives were elected by popular vote. The surplus from British economy re-entered India as finance capital, further draining India of its wealth. Further, the establishment of the Department of Archaeology by Lord Curzon created another milestone for opening of new horizons in 1921 -22 unearthed the remains of a flourishing culture by their excavations at Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa.
However, the emphasis was on higher education. President's Building Lutyens Delhi : Built. The indigenous bankers helped both in the process of distribution and collection. Proby Cautley : Known for irrigation works in the Ganges. Medical Council of India 1934 22. India turned into an economic powerhouse! On the finance front, taxes were levied to overburden the poor, sparing British capitalists and the bureaucrats. Before the British colonialism, India had a flourishing export trade in silk, cotton, salt, sugar etc.
Mahalwari System : The Mahalwari System was introduced in Punjab, parts of Madhya Pradesh and Western Uttar Pradesh. It leased a nation coughed, chocked and groaned under the British hegemony which got soothing balm in the form of liberty in speech, action, religion and so on and so forth. Widow remarriage and inter caste marriages were given the green signal by the British. Ronald Ross : Nobel prize winning research on Malaria. It is also important toremember that as time went on, racism faded and life in the Empiregot much better. Emergence of New Land Relations, Ruin of Old Zamindars : By 1815, half the total land in Bengal had passed into new hands. This gave the British the chance to establish their control over India.
Theyabolished Slavery, Sati, Thuggee and burning of lepers alive. Even the Indians could criticize the activities of the British government. Then enter Alexander the Great who tried to unify India under one government. Definitely not to help Indians but to steal and export the countries natural resources to fuel their industries. William Jones : Started Asiatic society.
In return for this they were recognised as hereditary owners of the land. They set up high tax which could not be borne by craftsmen which led to the decline of Indian handicrafts which had attained world wide fame earlier. India - created from 600+ princely states with some of them ruled by oppressive kings. He was obsessed with preservation. Forestry: Created Forestry department to preserve forests. Nepal was also a Hindu kingdom. Land revenue was fixed for a period of 30 years.
These have helped India in making more dams after independence. William Bentinck: Banned Sati, infanticide, thuggee etc. Famine and Poverty : Regular recurrence of famines became a common feature of daily existence in India. The British legal system was an improvement on what had gone before, as was the military infrastructure and health care system. Scientists : Without the British professor Hardy, Ramanujan would be unknown to the world. The British-controlled Burma, most of the Malayan peninsula, and Singapore, which was a strategic port and later became a naval base for the British. Safety: since India was the part of the British economy, it provided a safety net from the invasion of traditional enemies like Afghanistan, Persia and other western countries who wanted to colonize the country themselves.
Meanwhile, the French controlled the adjoining countries of Vietnamese, Cambodia, and Laos, collectively known as French Indochina. The holy books like Gita, Upanishads, Literature by Kalidas etc. This broke the intellectual isolation of the Indian mind and brought it into contact with Western science, literature, philosophy, history and so on. Commercial production of Tea India is now one of the world's largest producer of tea 23: National Archives of India 1891 : Holds records of governments. India owes theBritish to research into their history which was lost after Year1000. Textiles from India dominated the world market. Architecture: Victoria terminus in Bombay is a world heritage site.
The Third Anglo-Maratha war was the last war between the British and the Peshwas. The net work of exchange completes when all of them court-operate to exchange their services among one another. The British economic policies and exploitation of India led to widespread poverty throughout India. Internal economic stability Earlier the Indian rulers exercised power to increase the land revenue whenever they needed extra money. Britain already being a world power, lead the charge of industry throughout the world, using their far superior technology at the time to imperialize and colonize almost any nation that would benefit them.