India has adopted a cabinet system of government. His contention was that the Cabinet proceedings and Cabinet papers being secret, these could not be publicly disclosed. Minister of State in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. Over and above the cabinet looks after the execution of the policy there is an experienced and well trained professional body of civil servants to assist the Prime Minister and the other ministers in the implementation of the policies. The President can declare an emergency only under the advice of the Cabinet.
These committees help the Cabinet in its task of policy-making. The other two categories are Deputy Minister and Parliamentary Secretaries who are fairly younger with almost no experience. The term comes from the name for a used as a study or retreat. The principle of Collective Responsibility means that the Council of Ministers is responsible as a body for the general conduct of the affairs of the government. Minister of State in the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. Shri Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, Shri K.
The Council of Ministers belongs to the President or the Governor whereas the Ministers belong to the Prime Minister or the Chief Minister. It is the governor who does the final appointment of the Chief Minister 4. The highest and final judicial power over State matters is vested in the State Supreme Courts. When a decision has been taken by the Cabinet, every Minister has to stand by it without hesitation. Researchers have found an inverse correlation between a country's level of and cabinet size: on average, the more developed a country is, the smaller is its cabinet. Owing to Individual Responsibility explained above , a minister can be removed from his office by the President of India on advise of The Prime Minister of India on account of dis-satisfactory performance of the minister.
If the Motion is carried, it implies loss of confidence and the Government has to resign. Further, the Parliament determines the salaries and allowances of the Ministers. Thus in order to ensure that his harmony is not only maintained but strengthened, I exercised my prerogative and asked Shri Jethmalani to resign. There was no interim Prime Minister on that occasion. Unless decided in this manner, the jurisdictions of the Federal High Court and of the First-Instance courts are hereby delegates to the State Courts.
Cabinets are also important originators for legislation. A defence minister is responsible for the administration of the armed forces, planning and preparation to defend against possible attack on the country, and planning and preparation to execute possible attack on foreign countries if the executive office decides it is necessary to initiate such an at … tacks. Council of Ministers is the body that advises the President on various matters and is formed to assist the Prime Minister in running Government. Art 74 i lay down that there shall be a council of ministers with the Prime-Minister at the head to aid and advise the President in the discharge of his functions. It also determines the traits of our foreign policies and important appointments relating to that. Usually, the Prime Minister exercises this power by asking an undesirable colleague to resign, which the latter readily complies with, in order to avoid the odium of a dismissal.
The ministers also individually responsible for acts done on behalf the President. It is like a wheel within a wheel. All proposals for additional taxes come from the Cabinet. In some countries, the shadow ministers are referred to as spokespersons. The Legislature cannot take the initiative in the case of a Money Bill.
Our Constitution, however, provides only for Collective Responsibility which means that there can be no no-confidence in a single Minister. I have gone through those statements. The minister directs the policy of the departments under his or her charge. No Deputy Minister holds an independent charge of any department. Usually, because of something that the Minister has done, the Prime Minister asks him to resign, which he readily does. Without any particular party capable of forming a government on its own, there have been coalition governments at the centre and in many states for about the last 40 years.
Besides, every Minister is obliged to answer questions pertaining to his department. He allocates and reshuffles the portfolios among the state ministers 4. They constitute the Cabinet i. While some departments like Home, External Affairs, Defence, Finance, Agriculture have 2 or 3 Ministers of State, the departments like Civil Aviation, Information and Broadcasting, Labour Welfare, Surface Transport and Textiles; each is headed by a Minister of State. As earlier noted, coalition governments have now become the order of the day in India, especially at the Centre. Prime Minister of Inida, 2.