To clarify some of the key words within the family of concepts of the postmodern, it is useful to distinguish between the discourses of the modern and the postmodern see Featherstone 1988. Within a modernist foundation of knowledge, positivist truth claims have been rooted not only in notions of objectivity, but in notions of sameness, homogeneity, and unification among individuals, and social groups. Experience is then discursive, socially constructed, historically located, and interpretive. Similarities and differences exist between these approaches in terms of purpose, principles of practice, underlying assumptions and values and the relationship between the social worker and service user. Feminism, postmodernism, and gender skepticism.
His thesis is that by adopting a postmodernist stance in understanding their construction, social workers will be able to criticize, analyze, and develop theories to meet the needs of contemporary clients instead of wasting energy trying to prove the viability of one theory over another. A place to begin a way to go. The critical tradition has a long and rich history in social work see Addams, 1961; Franklin, 1986 , however, it was not until the 1960s under the heady sway of radical social movements and the influence of critical social theories that a distinct and internally diverse critical social work canon emerged. This is not a frivolous debate or one about 'politically correctness' but symptomatic of an honest struggle not to label. In particular, he believed that Marxism and liberalism are no longer convincing because both take up the Enlightenment belief in the inner connection between reason and freedom, which holds that increased rationality would produce increased freedom.
Journal of Progressive Human Services, 22, 8-30. The purpose of this paper is to explore whether The New Structural Social Work Mullaly, B. The new structural social work. We do not ourselves accept the postmodern postulate of a radical rupture or break in history which requires totally new theories and modes of thought. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. First, he saw that the linguistic sign was arbitrary, that there is no natural link between the signifier and the signified, only a contingent cultural designation.
It is particularly in this role that we can find the meeting of the modernist structure of social work and the postmodernist practice of social work. He attacked the pretensions of reason and defended the desires of the body and the life-enhancing superiority of art over theory. The postmodern age is thus a product of the application of modernist revolts to everyday life, the extension and living out of a rebellious, hyperindividualist, hedonist lifestyle. Nevertheless, if you don't believe in it, the notions of it can still have very subtle impacts on you. Theorists of postmodernity Baudrillard, Lyotard, Harvey, etc.
British Journal of Social Work, 20, 221-236. After two centuries, we are more sensitive to signs that signify the contrary. Critical Social Policy, 26 4 , 865-887. Postmodernists seek this goal through some form of government intervention within a free market environment. Most of the employer used these perspectives to organize or manage their organization. Toronto: Canadian Scholars ' Press. Making meaning, making lives pp.
Feminist approaches to weight preoccupation and eating disorders pp. Other theorists and artists, however, such as Jenny Holzer, Barbara Kruger, and Hans Haacke sought an oppositional current in postmodern art and produced interesting new forms of political art that challenge and subvert prevailing ideologies and codes of representation see Foster 1983; Conner 1989; Hutcheon 1989. Within such standpoint approaches experience is often authorized in the process of centering marginalized knowledge see debate, Harding, 1997, Hartsock, 1997, Heckman, 1997a, 1997b; Hill Collins, 1997, Longino, 1993; Smith, 1997. If we do not incorporate other 'truths' than our own into the education of social workers and the planning and delivery of services then social work will cease to have both care and control elements and become simply a control mechanism. Money in their own name: The feminist voice in poverty debate in Canada, 1970-1995. Examination reveals, however, that anti-oppression discourse is grounded in Western modernist thought, albeit, with increasing ambivalence.
The 'problem' of social workers not being able to cite chapter and verse the theories they use to underpin their practice has long been recognised by writers in this field and indeed by Jackie in her attempts to train social workers to teach practice to students on placement. Also, like Foucault, social workers seem to find no problems in the contradictions inherent in their work and mostly do not seem to see the need to reconcile them Mills 2003, 3. First besieged with commodities, postmodern man himself becomes an interchangeable part in the whole cultural process. British Journal of Social Work 28, 197-212. Generally, they do not feel it is possible to discover 'the truth' about a person or situation, as people and situations in social work are both contested and dynamic.
In the end, Postmodernists are intent on creating and using their own brand of social justice merely for their own political purposes. Steiner bemoans the loss of community, identity, and classical humanism, while deploring the rise of mass culture for eroding standards of classical literacy. Yet many postmodern theorists deploy the term - as it was introduced by Toynbee - to characterize a dramatic rupture or break in Western history. . Postmodernism and gender relations in feminist theory. Underlying this development is a neo-conservative ideology that creates great discrepancies between rich and poor and undermines traditional social work theory and practice.
Ultimately social work must refocus its attention on exposing global economic inequalities and oppressive gender and ethnicity-based relations across the globe. For his investigation of exactly how we make meaning of shared social codes laws, systems, methods, texts, catalogues , sifted through thousands of signals gestures, emblems, flags, clues contained in these exchanges. The structure is therefore effectively a simulacrum of the object which. Although activists cannot afford to jettison the modernist critical perspectives that have informed their practice, critical post theories can enhance reflexivity about the constraining effects of them. The claim that these narratives represent objective truth strips them of their social construction, their history, and thereby, their political character, while simultaneously claiming to be the path to human enlightenment, emancipation, and progress. First, postmodernism offers tools, such as deconstruction, which can be use to destabilise the opposition that endures between theory and practice in social work and to challenge those aspects of critical theory that silence the diversity of activisms in social work. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 25 3 : 3-27.