Dopamine is a neurotransmitter, or chemical that helps to relay the transmission of nerve impulses from one nerve cell to another. Your doctor may check for anemia or other nutritional deficiencies. This drug, as well as Olanzapine, belongs to a class of atypical antipsychotics that are sometimes used in pica patients to help change the way they see certain materials and reduce their bad eating habits. We have tried to keep things out of his reach but he continues to find paper. You need to be more vigilant I know easy to say about what she can get to and may involve locking her up when she is unsupervised. Anyway, I guess I was hoping for an outside perspective on potential causes - not as a diagnosis, but as suggestions to raise the next time I have him into the clinic.
You may develop trouble completing basic tasks, such as moving, controlling your bladder, and even swallowing. Some kids require behavioral intervention and families may need to work with a psychologist or other mental health professional. It can also be a problem for some pregnant women, as well as people with epilepsy. Online publication ahead of print. Your doctor may test your blood to see if you have low levels of zinc or iron. Our vet told us to even try vienna sausages! Additionally, being a child or pregnant woman practicing pica was associated with higher chance of being anemic or having low hemoglobin relative to the general population. My cat Merlin has extreme food intolerances, skin allergies, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, and on top of all that, Pica.
A child or adult with Pica Disease might eat any number of strange things. We are hesitant to give her any toys including the ones advertised as unbreakable because she will chew on them long enough to break them and then continue to eat the filling or pieces. She eats it ravenously and honestly gives me a sideways look while doing it as if she knows she shouldn't but still keeps on. Ewert P, Keim L, Schulte-Markwort M. Adolescents and adults most often ingest clay or soil. It can also occur in children and adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities, such as autism.
We have done blood and urine tests, but the only advice anyone can give us is to remove dangerous items from his room and educate him. The cravings found in patients diagnosed with pica may be associated with a nutritional deficiency state, such as iron-deficiency anemia; with pregnancy; or with or mental illness. Pica is a compulsive eating disorder in which people eat nonfood items. She tried to get a stool sample. Adult-onset paper pica in the context of anorexia nervosa with major depressive disorder and a history of childhood geophagia: a case report.
When to Call the Doctor If your child is at risk for pica, talk to your doctor. The most common substances those with pica will ingest are clay, paint chips, dirt, sand, paper, ash, soap, rocks, glass, chalk, hair, glue, powders, starches, and even feces. Before we got tops for our trash cans she also pulled tisues out of the trash. This will allow you to excrete the lead in your urine. She may have been weaned too young, as that will sometimes cause cats to chew and suck on things that they wouldn't normally, like blankets or hair. Young children have been known to eat hair, string, paint, plaster, and cloth, whereas older children have been known to eat cigarette butts, animal feces, leaves, pebbles, sand, and insects. Pica or the consumption of non-food items may be caused by nutritional deficiencies, malabsorption disorders, boredom among other issues.
She will also lick my hair if I use a product called beach spray which has some salt in it. He has thrown up a sock once. Removal of toxic substances in the home, including lead-based paints, is also an essential step in the treatment of pica. If these show as positive then the treatment will begin and the issue may be rectified fairly quickly and easily. Geophagy: adaptive or aberrant behavior.
Kawai K, Saathoff E, Antelman G, et al. Ingested foreign bodies in a patient with pica. The provider may also test for infection if the person has been eating contaminated soil or animal waste. Pica eating disorder is not very common in the general population, but it is a serious eating disorder and one that can cause major problems. He actually eats more than my dog who is twice his size. Eating Disorders: A Clinical Guide to Counseling and Treatment.
Pica is most commonly seen in , small children, and those with such as. Risperidone: Risperidone is used to treat the symptoms associated with manic states and bipolar disease. For example, if you have lead poisoning from eating paint chips, your doctor may prescribe chelation therapy. Attending to dietary needs Malnourished felines may chew on inappropriate objects if their diet is lacking in adequate nutrients. People with certain mental health conditions such as schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder may develop pica as a coping mechanism. She will also pee on my bed between the pillows. He gets plenty of exercise and is crated when I am not around.
We try to get him to spit it out but he just swallows it. Sometimes, an endoscope can be used to remove small foreign objects that are lodged in the stomach. He seems to have picked up the behavior from our dog. Dirt, clay, and flaking paint are the most common items eaten. If your child has been diagnosed with pica, you can reduce his or her risk of eating nonfood items by keeping those items out of reach in your home. Ingested foreign objects can cause internal ulcerations, gastrointestinal irritation and blockage in the intestines.