All learning is dependent on the context of place, time, and circumstance. His work forms the foundation of western philosophy. The way they talked so confident and cool to the way they looked so sharp and sophisticated. Under the realism philosophy of education, teachers must offer adequate teaching materials to the students based on their developmental levels. The teacher has a very important role in education for it is he who leads the individual from darkness into light and who helps him to exalt his personality.
They are- Truth, Beauty and Goodness. The best method of learning for Plato was the dialectic, a process where ideas are put into battle against each other, with the most significant idea winning the battle. Idealism visualizes glimpses of God in whatever is true, good and beautiful. Plato maintained that these forms had their own independent existence. Simple apprehension our intelligent apprehends or understands the nature or substance or essence of things. The ideas are already inactive in our minds, but through questioning, we can bring them into our consciousness. Kelly, Idealism, Politics, and History 1969.
The naturalists emphasised the nature of the child. This little mind is a part of the Universal Mind. Realists do not believe in general and common aims of education. Furthermore, ethics is the law of nature or Natural Law and aesthetics is the reflection of Nature. Generally, Idealists believe that ideas are the true reality.
It avoids the real problem day to day living. God is source of all knowledge. According to him, it is the function of schools to promote and maintain morality and the historical tradition to preserve and develop its achievements more and more. He advocates education as a way to reconstruct children according to the pragmatist vision of man. Plato rightly speaks that each individual has an ideal self. Idealism is the oldest philosophical thought.
So the educator by his efforts assists the educand, who is developing according to the laws of his nature to attain levels that would otherwise be denied to him. He tries to develop that ideal? In short, Idealism believes in the welfare of whole human community. This situation has very deep roots, both epistemological and social. If you know somebody isn't going to make it through college, there's no point in teaching them things that won't directly apply to a job he or she may have. Values clarification is an outgrowth of this movement. Idealists give full support to the principle of Unity in Diversity.
In a nutshell, man creates his own world of virtue and higher levels of art in different areas are achieved through his creativity. According to them, the human spirit is the most important element in life. Private experiences are quite unreal and secondary. Dewey advocates a relativistic, secularized form of altruism that calls for sacrificing oneself to attain the ends of the People. Thus our ultimate perception of things is always through the mind's fixed frame of reference Shahid, 2008. Kant described idealism as transcendent, whereas Berkeley called it 'immaterialism' which is commonly termed as subjective materialism.
It is participation in the common life of democratic society that realizes the freedom of the individual and produces growth in him and in society. When philosophy of education is applied to a particular field, such as, psychology, biology, history, physical education, sociology, anthropology, economics, etc. This is also known as principle of Unity in Diversity. All we have is our perception of them. Hence, they have given more importance to ideas over the objects and material or later.
· A mechanical virtue, in which a youth exercise a minimum moral choice and obeys an external rule prescribed for him, is to be inculcated. In essence, idealism arose as a conceptual expression of a religious world view and subsequently, as a rule, served as a philosophical justification and support for religious faith. Berkeley admits that objects exist, but their presence in the physical realm is as long as there is a mind to perceive them. The Philosophy believes in unity in diversity. Usually Plato referred to as Platonic Realism.