France also gained more land after the war. However, France could count on the support of Spain and of the Princes electors of Cologne and Bavaria. When Mazarin did stop in January 1650, the nobility rose against the court giving rise to the second Fronde, that of the Princes. The King inherited from Mazarin his main Ministers: Jean Baptiste Colbert, Michel Le Tellier, Hugues de Lionne and Nicolás Fouquet, who mostly remained in their posts for many years. The prenuptial agreement stated that, in Exchange for the dowry, the infanta would resign all of his rights to the Spanish Empire.
However, we should note that royal absolutism was alive and well throughout Europe, and not limited only to France. In this he was largely successful. This led to the union of Europe against France. The King personally supervised the construction of the Palace, leaving his personal mark on the architectural solutions of the most important work of French classicism. Though this problem was not entirely solved, false claims for exemption were denied and there was an increase in indirect taxes, from which the privileged could not escape.
His state established or developed in rapid succession academies for painting and sculpture 1663 , inscriptions 1663 , French artists at Rome 1666 , and science 1666 , followed by the Paris Observatory 1667 and the academies of architecture 1671 and music 1672. He reduced population pressure in France by the bloodletting in his endless wars, along with the attendant disease and famines. Colbert introduced more efficient taxation which included aides and douanes both customs duties , gabelle tax on salt and taille tax on land. On the other hand, he provoked controversy when he restored Catholic religious unity by revoking the Edict of Nantes and repressing Protestantism. He was then twenty-two years and willingness to practice directly the State Government left astonished Court. Thus, the year 1661 marked the advent of a new era in France and in Europe, that of the absolute monarchy. This means that everybody in France could worship the way they wanted to.
Under Louis, the system of military appointments became more meritocratic, based on the ability of each commander, and the command structure was more readily centralized in the monarchy. This ostentation was, beyond waste, an effective system of domestication of the nobility. It can be said however that such expenditures as Saint Cyr, the Palace of Versailles, Hotel des Invalides, the street lights of Paris, his patronage of the arts, the Franco Dutch War, the War of the League of Aug … sburg, the War of the Spanish Succession, the War of Devolution and the War of the Reunions had sorely taxed the Nation and created the debt in the first place. Longest reign resulted in the development of the administrative absolutism. He ordered the destruction of Protestant churches and schools and deemed all Protestant marriages invalid.
Money was lavished on buildings. He believed he had been given a divine right by God to wield absolute power of the monarchy. The creation of income and sales of crafts, with some success at the beginning multiplied. But the proud selfishness of the monarch remained immutable, despite the sadness of the military defeats and the great duels of his family: died in 1705 his great-grandson, the Duke of Brittany; in 1711, the great Dolphin; in 1712, his grandson Louis, Duke of Burgundy, the woman of this, María Adelaida de Saboya, and his second grandson, the second Duke of Brittany. Let's look at his death, and then explore his legacy.
He revoked the Edict of Nantes, which had previously provided freedom of worship and other rights to Protestants known as Huguenots , and forced all French people to be of the Catholic faith. Access to the Spanish Crown would resolve the question of hegemony over Europe, which could lie both in France and the Empire. They began to draw defensive alliances. Louis was not, however, a totally passive monarch. He reorganized several financial and administration aspects of the government at the time and expanded urban law enforcement to create a police force in Paris.
Do not imitate me, but be a peaceful prince. . This was a shock to many French people. After four years of preparations, Luis determined the time take revenge on Holland, partly also by hatred to the bourgeois Republicans who monopolized the sea had come. He also commissioned art pieces and writing from several artists of the time. The 9-year war of the Grand Alliance ensued.
The young prince had high levels of self-esteem and a bold personality, which made assuming the position of national ruler a natural fit. The literary Academie Francaise also came under formal royal control in 1671. He was actually very popular among the people during the early years of his reign, however. The nobles were dispossessed of the political power in Exchange for decoys of the monarchical cult. Having ascended to the throne at such an early age, he had a long reign; in fact, his reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest of any monarch of a major country in European history He started implementing administrative and fiscal reforms, and took the first major step of appointing Jean-Baptiste Colbert as Controller-General of Finances in 1665. The extension to all the dioceses of a right that is reserved for the monarchy, the provision of benefits in certain dioceses raised a serious conflict with the Papacy, while raising the resistance of the Bishops of jansenist tendency. The couple had many children together, but only one son survived into adulthood.
Images of this glorious structure can be found below. He created an informal cabinet, which was eventually led by , chief minister of finance. Developed by this policy of prestige was enormously burdensome to the coffers of the monarchy and, despite the colbertiano program and the implementation of numerous tariff and monetary Ordinances, the income of the Treasury were entirely insufficient to meet the ambitions of the King. He worked with his finance minister Jean-Baptise Colbert during the early years. At the time that perfected the army, Colbert and subsequently his son, Seignelay, gave France a powerful Navy, with the systematic construction of ships of quality in the arsenals of Brest and Toulon. The rest of the powers lined up to prevent French hegemony.
He saw himself as responsible to God for the well-being of his people, and though his interpretation of this responsibility was often strange, it was always sincere. He married Marie Therese, an Infanta from Spain, solidifying the relationship between France and Spain. He held his monarchy for the longest recorded time in European history, spanning just short of 73 years. Prestigious foreign policy involved the strengthening of the army. More than any other man except Richelieu, he was the architect of the French national state.