National Waterway 4 National Waterway 4 is connect Kakinada to Pondicherry through Canals,Tank and River Godavari along with Krishna river. The Cochin and Kollam parts are the most important in this canal system. While the new expansion plans for adding 100-odd waterways is ambitious, the experience so far on the existing waterway projects offers quite a number of red flags. Its headquarters is in Kolkata. This is because the former consumes less energy and the cost is also less for cargo transportation when compared to railways and roadways. Development of Narmada in the lower reaches which are partly tidal below Sardar Sarovar Dam, and development of navigation in the reservoir area of the high dams is proposed during the 9th Five Year Plan.
In 2009, a World Bank study had similar things to say about a transport transformation to the , which had already embraced a plan to deepen the use of its waterways in 2007. The Inland water transport in Kerala includes rivers and backwaters. They aimed to provide cheap means of transportation to them. This means that extensive dredging will be required to make the rivers navigable. It also comprises of the Champakara canal of length 14 km and the Udyogamandal canal of length 23 kms. Read: Though India has a 7,500 km long coastline with approximately 14,500 km of navigable waterways, it has not been able to harness the potential to the fullest.
Slack progress, though, is a constant theme. We welcome your comments at. Current Status of Inland Water Transport : Presently, the inland water transport in India is restricted to following stretches and commodities: 1. Nearly 16 million tonnes of cargo is moved by the inland waterways annually. There were various sea ports too and so it could have overseas trading relations with the Arab countries, Persia and Egypt.
The head office of the Authority is located at Noida. It will be the longest National Waterway in India. The Bangladesh option Despite these high hurdles, there is a possible easy win, which is with Bangladesh. Some historians claim, with this the government has revived water transport for goods carriage through the holy river after almost 150 years. Once operational, the waterway will form part of the larger multi-modal transport network being planned along the river. Inland Transport : Generally speaking Inland water transport refers to the transport facilities available in the navigable waters, canals and back waters. In 1962, the shipyard came up as a cent per cent Public sector enterprise.
For inter-country trade, four ports of call have been designated in each country namely, Haldia, Kolkata, Pandu and Karimganj in India and Narayanganj, Khulna, Mongla and Sirajganj in Bangladesh. It does the function of building the necessary infrastructure in these waterways, surveying the economic feasibility of new projects and also administration. Limited Area of Operation: It can be used only in a limited area which is served by deep canals and rivers. Cargo transport in an organised manner is confined to a few waterways in , , and. It is the water bodies that connect the islands and remote villages with the main land. Hence, it does not require huge amount of capital investment in the construction and maintenance of its track. On top of all this, the removal of riverbed material in creeks or rivers near the sea may allow the ingress of saline water, damaging the ecosystem in the region.
The hydrographic survey was conducted in 1988-89 and proposal submitted to the Government for its declaration as National Waterway. The problem is that most of the waterways included in the list of 101 new waterways are fresh water rivers, which even dry up completely during post monsoon period. As Nachiket Kelkar writes on the , this dredging will have a tremendous impact on the ecology of the rivers. Out of this about 3,700 km are navigable by mechanised boats. Overseas Shipping: There are three types of vessels employed in the overseas shipping: i Liners, ii Tramps, iii Tankers. Hence, as a part of the Government's policy to optimally develop and harness the potential of Inland Waterways in the country, the '' was set up under the.
Some of the important issues to be debated before the National Waterway Bill, 2015, include the point whether the declaration of a national waterway is a legislative function of Parliament. The Zuari and Mandavi rivers in Goa, v. This will ensure that vessels plying in these areas comply with the operational framework that has been put into place for minimizing impacts in sensitive zones. This article first appeared on. Meanwhile, Bangladesh and India have already been discussing , and a Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade has been in place between the two countries since 1972.
Inland water transport There are 41 rivers in Kerala that flows towards west and numerous backwaters. Unlike rail and road transport we do not have to construct water ways because river and seas are given by nature. The other problem with inland water transport in South Asia is that a river needs enough depth throughout the year for it to be a viable inland waterway. This compared to 20% in Germany and over 32% in Bangladesh. The head office is at. Sometimes the river changes its course which causes dislocation in the normal route of the trade. Prevention of run off and preservation of water should be planned in all rivers to retain the present discharge level and to augment the lean season discharge which would not only facilitate improved navigability but also result in availability of water for other purposes.
River transport played a very important role prior to the development of modern means of land transport. The Central Inland Water Transport Corporation is responsible for the development, maintenance and management of the goods traffic between Kolkata and Pandu near Guwahati , between Kolkata and Karimganj in Assam , between Kolkata and Bangladesh, and between Haldia and Patna. The Buckingham Canal in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Most of the large rivers of the country enter the sea through shallow sand chocked delta channels. National Waterway 6 National Waterway 6 is the proposed waterway in Assam state and will connect Lakhipur to Bhanga in river Barak.
Ocean transport: Ocean transport is indispensable for foreign trade. The waterway has the potential to emerge as the leading logistics artery for northern India. Allahabad-Haldia stretch 1620 km 2. Important places which are commercially needed are situated on these river banks. The 121 km long waterway will help in trading between town of Silchar to Mizoram State. Its headquarters is located in ,.