Can I Live Without It? It also controls the release of hormones little messengers from the pituitary gland. Yes, it is possible to live without your spleen because other parts of the body will take over its function. These synthesize and secrete hormones that help the kidneys to conserve sodium, thus conserving water. Of these features, the first two are present only during the embryonic stage in the human; the notochord is replaced by the vertebral column, and the pharyngeal gill slits are lost completely. Description When you eat, the pancreas secretes digestive juices into the first part of the small intestines called the duodenum. The become fibrous and sclerosed.
When oxygen passes through the trachea into the lungs, it goes through tiny air sacs called alveoli. At the same time, the releases hormones, such as to help regulate and volume. It does this by secreting 3 substances: 1 , which stimulates cells to use sugar glucose , thus lowering sugar levels and 2 glucagon- has the opposite effect and triggers cells to release glucose, increasing blood sugar levels. Then you have the gallbladder which stores bile produced by the liver, and concentrates it to produce chyme. There are 11 major organ systems in the human body.
The head houses the which controls the body. The person living in hot climates has little body fat; often a wide nose, since warming of the air in the nasal passages is not desirable; and, usually, dark skin, which provides a shield from harmful solar. The system itself is called the cardiovascular or. Cells, Tissues, and Organs Like all living organisms, the human body is made up of cells. The function of the testes is to produce sperm and testosterone. However whether or not these are used by the immune system is not known.
A woman's urethra is about 2. Our skin also helps regulate body temperature and eliminate waste through perspiration. Food is moved along the intestines by a muscular movement called peristalsis. Pneumonia: Severe inflammation of the lungs, causes fluid buildup so the person can't breath. What Can Go Wrong Most problems occur as a result of the presence of gallstones cholelithiasis. If the liver fails, we die unless a liver transplant is viable. The main electrolytes in body water outside cells are and , whereas within cells it is and other.
The male reproductive system includes the penis and the testes, which produce sperm. It has the liver, the large and the small intestine, the anus from where fecal waste is excreted, and the rectum where the feces is stored. The thalamus is highly sensitive to incoming information, it lets the brain know what is happening outside of the body. As a detoxifier, the liver transforms various harmful substances like ammonia, metabolic wastes, alcohol and chemicals, into less harmful compounds. This loss in bone mass is greater in women than men after the fifth decade.
The arms help us perform a variety of tasks in a day. Intellectual declines in the elderly are the consequence of underlying disease conditions, such as or cerebrovascular disease. Blood is transported around the body by a network of 100,000 km's of veins and smaller veins called capillaries. The adult male body is about 60% for a total water content of some 42 litres. The major organ in the body of human beings is the brain which is primarily responsible for performing all the functions and actions of the body.
The female reproductive system consists of the vagina, the uterus and the ovaries, which produce eggs. Type 2 Diabetes: The pancreas loses it's ability to secrete enough insulin. Our immune systems work in the body to fight off illness and sickness. Blood is filtered at the and. In the , artists from c.
Common condition which damage the kidneys include uncontrolled diabetes and high blood pressure. Rich in omega-3 fatty acids, regular consumption of this nut facilitates the functions of the brain. Yet it only takes less than 90 seconds for blood to circulate through this entire system. If the testes ache or have a dull pain in the vicinity, it is due to the prostate swelling with excess fluid. Compression of the spinal column can lead to a loss of height.
The heart is supplied with blood by the coronary arteries. Edit This Worksheet Editing resources is available exclusively for KidsKonnect Premium members. It is the central part of the body, and it is from here that the neck and the limbs extend. Function: Also known as the windpipe, it allows the passage of air into the lungs. Extreme cold favours short, round persons with short arms and legs, flat faces with fat pads over the sinuses, narrow noses, and a heavier than average layer of body fat. The appendix is rich in lymphoid cells which are known to fight infections. It is known as an exocrine secretion.