He grew up on a farm, yet had an affinity for machine work and technology. However, like many inventors, Whitney who died in 1825 could not have foreseen the ways in which his invention would change society for the worse. Welcome to the world of tomorrow! Cotton would be grown on plantations — the seeds would be separated by hand and it would then be sold to be woven into cloth. Hartley, The History of Hamden, Connecticut Hamden: Shoe String Press, 1959 , 280-282. Citation: Obituary for Eli Whitney, Esq. But before he could deliver his own gins to the southern market, the region was already awash with illegal replications of his design. They would use special, high-precision machine tools, designed by Whitney.
Whitney was one of the most distinguished men whom our country has produced, and his loss will be deeply felt and lamented throughout the nation. This invention separated seeds from the white cottony fiber of the cotton, eliminating the need of slaves to do it. But as the proprietor of a manufactory which was in desperate need of up-grading its power supply, he had a more clearly defined and personal interest. Whitney then sold the patent rights. We cannot express the weight of obligations which the country owes to this invention: the extent of it cannot now be seen.
This cotton gin was credited with turning cotton production into a prosperous business. While his death will be regarded by the nation as a public calamity, it will be felt in the circle of his private friends as a bereavement of its brightest ornament. Suddenly he was jobless, penniless, and stranded in the South, hundreds of miles from home. The couple would have several children, with Eli Whitney Jr. . Its population continued to draw its water from wells.
Some historians believe Catherine Greene devised the cotton gin and Eli Whitney merely built it and applied for the patent, since at that time women were not allowed to file for patents. On his way to his new position via boat, he met Catherine Greene, the widow of a Revolutionary War general. Greene to introduce him to some gentlemen who were discussing the desirability of a machine to separate the short staple upland cotton from its seeds, work which was then done by hand at the rate of a pound of lint a day. Whitney also helped develop the machine tool industry by inventing many of the machines required by his new production methods. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the and see a list of. War was averted, but Whitney ultimately fulfilled the government's order and profited handsomely from the venture.
The World of Eli Whitney. And it also made the cotton production profitable in the southern states. His inventive genius rendered him one of the greatest benefactors of the age, and was the means of changing the whole course of industry in the southern section of the union. After College he needed money fast. Through this project, he promoted the idea of interchangeable parts—standardized, identical parts that made for faster assembly and easier repair of various devices. Cotton Gin Inventor Eli Whitney after his graduation wanted to be a tutor but he instead went to Mulberry Grove very near to Savannah — Georgia to give his hands-on plantation.
What worked with muskets would also work with clothing, farm equipment, furniture, tools, bicycles, and just about anything else people could manufacture. So how much money did Whitney make on the invention that created huge fortunes for Southern plantation owners? This represented a giant technological leap forward, expediting the manufacturing process and allowing for the repair of items that previously would have been rendered useless. For a while, he instead took a teaching position. The guidelines he presented would later be ignored as industrialization took on a harsher regard for worker well-being. To enable this, he created products with interchangeable parts. By 1812, Whitney produced 1,000 to 2,000 muskets per year. Instead of a handful of two-story houses clustered around the Green, the town center was dominated by commercial structures — some of them as tall as five stories — while residences, most of them wooden, were spread over dozens of city blocks.
Whitney considered the situation and in no time designed a machine that separated seeds. But the cotton gin also resulted in the expansion of slavery in the South. By 1798 relations between the United States and France had grown tense, and the possibility of armed conflict between the two nations seemed great. Farmers throughout Georgia resented having to go to Whitney's gins where they had to pay what they regarded as an exorbitant tax. This concept was further adopted by other industries later — particularly the automobile industry. In a few weeks Whitney produced a model, consisting of a wooden cylinder encircled by rows of slender spikes set half an inch apart, which extended between the bars of a grid set so closely together that the seeds could not pass, but the lint was pulled through by the revolving spikes; a revolving brush cleaned the spikes, and the seed fell into another compartment.
His new machine could clean more cotton in a few hours than a number of workers could in a day. Many other great ideas are kicking around just waiting for the supporting technology to arrive. Good thing, too, because Whitney missed his deadline by eight years. Demand was fueled by other inventions of the Industrial Revolution, such as the machines to spin and weave it and the steamboat to transport it. Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin.