The Athenian view was that Sparta was jealous of Athens' preeminence in the Hellenic world. The first phase is known as Archidamian War. Other developments in warfare included an increase in the use of slaves, mercenaries and foreigners in Greek armies, better logistics which allowed armies to stay longer in the field, and a greater attention paid to skills and experience when selecting military leaders. As Athens gained more control and power in the Delian League, a coalition of Greek states whose purpose was to provide a navy for defense against the Persians, Sparta wa … s concerned its own power would be reduced and Athens would take over. Sparta requested assistance and all the city states sent troops.
Similarly, the expedition of Boeotia proved to be a disaster. In regard to trade and to metropolis-colony relationships, Athens was the city-state most involved in the Aegean and Ionia, in contradistinction to, say, Corinth, which was more oriented to the west in such business. About 15 years later, Megara joined back up again with Sparta. Megarawas a member of the Peloponnesian League and appealed to it forsupport. The next action in the war was the siege of Plataea between c.
However, there is uncertainty in the world due to natural disasters, environmental changes, economic instability and geographic, as well as demographic changes. On the other side, Pericles —of all people the one most likely to push his fellow Athenians toward war— would have been willing to submit to arbitration had not the slow-moving but deliberate Spartans backed him into a corner with their ultimatum. However, there were a small number of enemies present. Athens had several allies, and had forged relationships with very powerful armies. First, it is important to understand Athenian national interests as it shapes the political assembly voting on the expedition and in defining the strategic end and initial means. Both powers had demonstrated a reluctance for head-on war over matters peripheral to their respective spheres of influence.
This quote made by President Bush in 2001 after the September. However, on the eve of departure Alcibiades was implicated in serious accusations of impiety and was stripped of command. Membership of the League did not necessitate the paying of tribute to Sparta but rather the provision of troops under Spartan command. Transactions of the American Philological Association. The Athenian's were threatening Sparta's military dominance, Sparta became jealous of Athens and started insulting the Athenians, Sparta and Athens were of two very separate political ideologies. Greatness, for Thucydides, was measured most fundamentally in capital and military strength, but his history delves into almost every aspect of the war, including, quite prominently, its leaders.
The Spartan alliance itself was called the Peloponnesian League. No state was particularly to blame for the strain on their peace treaty, nor for the war, it came as the two states developed. Because the perpetrators, a terrorist group called the Black Hand, were situated in the nearby country of Serbia, the Austrian-Hungarian monarchy sent the Serbs a list of uncompromising demands. In usualGreek fashion, sporadic warfare continued amongst the Greekcity-states, Sparta became dominant until it was replaced byThebes. Conditions of surrender were the dismantling of the Long Walls, the prohibition of rebuilding a fleet bigger than 12 ships and the payment of tribute to Sparta, which was now, finally, recognised by all as the dominant power in Greece. For example, wrote his as a continuation of Thucydides' work, beginning at the exact moment that Thucydides' History leaves off. While the History seems to suggest that considerations of justice are artificial and necessarily capitulate to power, it sometimes also shows a significant degree of empathy with those who suffer from the exigencies of the war.
However, renewed conflict raged between 413 and 404 which resulted in Spartan victory. Nevertheless, apart from the reasons above, there were quite a few interesting intertwining incidents which led to the war. Aristophanes had gotten in trouble with the strategos, Cleon, for slandering the city of Athens in front of foreigners, not long before this play was written. Thucydides states that the Corinthians condemned Sparta's lack of action until then and warned them that they had remained too passive for too long. Meno is shown to believe the greatest thing in life is superiority, until later Socrates convinces him otherwise. This drastic change over time was what led to the downfall of the once amazing metropolis of Athens.
The Spartans believed in a monarchy in which the king ruled. But, the triggering event was Athens' aggressive behavior towards Corinth, an ally of Sparta. The naval battle, which was going Athens' way initially, took a turn in favor of the Corinthians and the Syracusans. Sparta, at the behest of the Peloponnesian League which it headed, demanded an end to the ruinous Megara ban, which was refused by an over- … confident Athens and war ensued. Ancient Sparta and Athens, being two of the most popular city-states in Greece, were rivals. Instead, Sparta sent an ultimatum that would have practically destroyed Athenian power.
This was seen be the suppression of Naxos a member who wished to leave the Delian League and the movement of the treasury from the sacred island of Delos to Athens. The epic and tragedy I will focus on in particular is The Odyssey by Homer and Hecuba by Euripides. The whole history of the rise and power of Athens in the 50 years preceding justifies this view, though the immediate occasion of the war concerned Corinth, Sparta's chief n … aval ally. Athens signed a defense-only treaty and sent a fleet to Corcyra. The war lasted for a brutal 27 years, which resulted in a tremendous loss of life and economic turmoil for Sparta, Athens and their allies. This era constituted the Golden Age of Athens and was concurrent with the lives of Plato, Socrates, and Aristotle. The long and comprehensive war through alliances and leadership for three decades, with different policy and strategies from the both sides politically and militarily, were the biggest determinants for the ends.