Some athletic performance enhancers are not drugs at all. It may lead to unnecessary privacy violations or result in families taking legal action. In 2013 almost half of high school seniors admitted to using an illegal substance at least once, according to the Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use. The substance abuse coordinator from your school should be able to tell you what drugs or substances your students are using and abusing. While drug testing methods have become more sophisticated, illegal drugs that athletes are taking have also gotten more complicated to avoid detection, which means that a dangerous practice has also become worse.
Thanks to drug testing programs in several U. For example, a professional football player, Carl Eller, was a very famous athlete and was loved by all until he was caught with possession of cocaine and was forced to declare bankruptcy. By testing, you are able to stop this advantage. Unfortunately one dose of ecstacy causes permanent brain damage. This means that the cost of having drug tests for student athletes can be managed over time and does not have to be a huge cost.
However, many times the athletes forced to submit to a drug-testing program do not do so willingly. According to a 2010 survey by the , more than a quarter of public middle and high school students say both gangs and drugs are present at their campuses. However rising problems with prescription drug abuse among teens had largely overridden these concerns for the school districts that have taken to the practice. The rules in each sport in effect determine which characteristics among all possible sources of difference influence who wins and who loses. Reputation of the Sport Athletics, cycling and baseball have all had reputations shattered by competitors taking illegal drugs. Those against drug testing feel that it should be banned because it violates the Fourth Amendment which defends and protects the rights of the American citizens against unreasonable searches and seizures.
Also, those opposed to drug testing also believe that it makes drug-free people feel degraded due to the use of drugs taken by their teammates, coaches, and friends Mohun, 1998. The effectiveness of mandatory-random student drug testing: a cluster randomized trial. If that's the case -- and I say it is -- then how can we leave out Pete Rose, the all-time hits leader and most memorable competitor of his era? List of Cons of Drug Testing in Schools 1. This form of testing is intended to help the hidden user rather than the obvious one. Several professional athletes have checked positive as steroid users raising concern that teens whose use up until now was almost wholly unnoticed or ignored might be using the drugs to achieve athletic success just as their heroes had been. It sounded like a great idea when I first heard it: drug test high school students! This is another big benefit and will not add to the growing costs that schools are dealing with. Administrators at Rockhurst High School determined that testing the entire student population will help them take a stand against drug use and offer help to those already victims of substance abuse.
Legalisation of the use of drugs in sport might even have some advantages. Implementing a compulsory layer of drug testing not only allows for more public scrutiny, potential lawsuits against the school district or individual educator , it adds another stress for the child whose only function should be receiving a valid education within a system that was designed to help and not hinder. Until 1995, institutions who attempted to implement drug-testing policies were often unsure as to whether their policies would be upheld in court of law. When parents give more attention to their children, the children are less likely to commit themselves to unlawful activities. Matters involving children in court proceedings are not open to the public. Classrooms can fall apart when there is enough problem students around, more so if these children happen to be taking drugs. A brief history of drug testing Drug testing of humans began in the late 1950s, when, after several European cycling and track races, evidence of drug use was observed.
The Cost of Testing With schools across the country tightening their budgets, the added expense of drug testing can be daunting for struggling school systems. More subtly, a random drug testing policy can also can aid those kids facing peer pressure to use, or who are on the fence, because it provides them with an easy excuse to say no to drugs. This means that a student is far more likely to be required to undergo testing than teachers. Sports that revere records and historical comparisons think of baseball and home runs would become unmoored by drug-aided athletes obliterating old standards. This way, young people become less likely to commit the same errors. Diluted specimens still show metabolites of the products being used, even if the drugs are masked. The availability of drugs in souks and other sources has made drug acquisition fast and easy in a stealth manner that, drug testing is not able to hunt down.
Finally, by allowing medically supervised doping, the drugs used could be assessed for a clearer view of what is dangerous and what is not. Meanwhile, opioid misuse continued to decline among high school students despite the rise of among adults. Bush established federal funding for its use and it grew in popularity. This is more expensive than urine and saliva testing. However, alcohol does not remain in the blood long enough for most tests to detect most recent use. Teens with substance use problems often engage in polydrug use they use more than one drug , so identifying a problem with an illicit or prescription drug may also suggest an alcohol problem.
Some might say that there is no other way to test products, but due to the harm that is done and our advancements in science, animal testing should not be tolerated. The fascination of watching Mark McGwire break the home-run record in 1998 was undiminished by his overt use of nandrolone not a banned substance in baseball , which stimulates the body to produce more of its own steroids. Do Schools Have the Right to Drug Test Students? These drugs can be used to boost performances during sporting events or promote faster healing of muscles and bones after an injury. It is a known fact that so many young students have become drug users. This feeling of safety is believed to be what many parents need to willingly send their children to school. No one is forced to become a competitive athlete. According to a report at the , testing can be done as a deterrent for drug use.
These individuals are typically not drug users; instead they are participants who find that if they do not submit to the testing, they will not be able to continue participating in the sport or activity of their choice. This shows a possible positive effect of drug testing programs as a deterrent to substance use and abuse. Students who take drugs are putting themselves at risk of failing and being not able to graduate school. There would be no way to protect that child from public exposure today because every child with access to a smartphone would have the incident immediately uploaded on social media. For example, Mary takes acting classes through a local theater, but isn't part of any sports or other competition-based activities at school.
However, the question over student privacy rights is sure to remain a key component in the debate, no matter how successful testing proves to be. Further protection and safeguard schools Students who may be involved with drugs may also be involved with crimes within the campus and may perform questionable activities that can affect the whole campus. The primary purpose of drug testing is not to punish students who use illicit drugs but to prevent future illicit drug use and to help students already using become drug-free. In an instant, where a kid or teenager is caught to have a positive result of drugs and subject to relative liabilities and penalties, the person is less likely to abuse drugs in the future. Evidence Leans Towards Effectiveness Random drug testing in schools is intended to curb illicit drug use, but the question remains: is it even effective? As coaches working in school setting, we must always strive to remember to lay stress on deterrence and not on punishment, only then the pros of drug testing can be maximized and cons minimized. Otherwise, the study found no causal relationships between school drug testing and patterns of substance use. The antidoping rules often lead to complicated and costly administrative and medical follow-up to ascertain whether drugs taken by athletes are legitimate therapeutic agents or illicit.