Studies using transects to observe dung piles documented a 62% drop in population size from 2002 to 2011. The top of the food chain is the animal that nothing else eats. Loss of predators can have similar effects through trophic cascades, affecting populations of prey species further down in the food chain. Interactives Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. On every leaf, there is either dew drops or rain drops. When the snakes die, their bodies rot and turn back into dirt. The authors have argued that the decline represents a clear extinction threat, and that urgent action is needed.
Many are caused by poor farmers and villagers who rely on forest land for agriculture and fuelwood collection. Also called a primeval forest, primary forest, primal forest, or ancient woodland. This type of climate in the tropical rain forest is known as equatorial climate. The animals of the temperate rain forest are mostly made up of large mammals and small birds, insects, and reptiles. This means they have gardens on land that has been cleared of vegetation. The Congo Basin spans across six countries—Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.
To find out more, visit www. The very bottom of the food chain is the soil. Then, they wrap their long anaconda body around the prey, crushing its bones and constricting its breath until it suffocates. A food chain may have many different animals that eat other animals. There are also Pine trees, bushes, ferns, mosses,flowers like Blue Crown and Candle Bush. The dense vegetation dulls sound, so many—but not all—canopy dwellers are notable for their or vocalizing.
The Congo rain forest is covers a very big amount of central Africa and it covers six different countries, spanning the Republic of Congo, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and most of it is in the Democratic Republic of Congo. A food chain can be displayed with Arrows. In this way, the king gained control of the river basin. He wanted to learn from the Europeans and teach his people, but the Portuguese only wanted to use their friendship with Afonso to gain slaves to sell. Why are they endangered There are various reasons behind the endangerment of the rainforest animals and birds. They help break down waste materials into energy that other animals can use. Bushmeat trade is very profitable for the locals and it is hard to prevent this illegal act as government laws are not being controlling in these areas.
The increase in subsistence Agriculture is also another factor for the ongoing deforestation in the Congo rainforest, which leads to lower biodiversity. The various chemicals used in the mining process like sulfuric acid and mercury produces massive contamination of the area surrounding the mine, affecting nearly 270 species of animals living there. The problem with the common carp is, when they feed they churn up the bottom of the water and uproot the macrophytes. This is a major problem in the forests of the Congo, because, due to deforestation, the soil is literally falling apart, and will require years to regain its stability. Types of Wildlife According to the World Wildlife Fund, there are 400 species of mammals, 700 species of fish and over 1,000 species of birds found in the Congo rainforest alone.
They are the fiercest competitors in the rainforest and face far fewer threats than the more vulnerable primary and secondary consumers. From the forest floor, the Mbuti hunt fish and crabs from the Ituri River a of the Congo , as well as gather berries from low-lying shrubs. Bushmeat hunting changes regeneration of African rainforests. Decomposers are important in nature because they recycle waste into useful nutrients that are necessary for the soil. Despite the importance, the Congo rainforest is facing threats of reduction in biodiversity from human activities of deforestation, poaching, and resource extraction mining. In the Congo rain forest, roads and other development have reduced habitat and cut off s for many rain forest species. The Congo Basin covers some of the poorest countries on Earth.
Vast numbers of forest elephants are being hunted for their ivory, leading into their endangerment and a threat of extinction. This biodiversity is significant to many, especially for the African population and tribes who depend on the forest for shelter, food, water, and other resources. Demand for Natural Resources The Congo Basin is extremely rich in wood, oil and minerals such as diamonds, gold and coltan used to make cell phones. It is also the second longest serpent after the reticulated python. Many types of flowers and trees grow in the rainforest. All the plants and animals in the food chain depend on each other, just like links in a real chain. Use the link below to learn more about the diet of the gorilla.
Sweet fruit s animals, which eat the fruit and deposit seeds on the forest floor as. Sunlight strikes the tropics almost straight on, producing intense that keeps s high, between 21° and 30°C 70° and 85°F. Major component of forest's exuberance is from a tiny organic coverage from the forest itself made of decomposition of vegetation, all sort … of dead animals and their excrements. High temperatures keep the air warm and wet, with an average humidity of between 77% and 88%. After the , these nations began to demand and receive their independence. Some may be at rest in the night and be active during the day diurnal. In the Bwidni National Park in Uganda, in the montane forests of the eastern Congo basin, mountain gorillas have slightly increased in population following protected area management and landscape conservation programs.